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Rice Varieties and Its Unique Benefits


Rice is a highly nutritious and essential crop. It’s the main food for many people, particularly in Asia. It is an annual or short-lived perennial grass species native to Asia. This article will delve into the different types of rice and its usage.

What is Rice

It is a Kharif crop that requires high temperatures (above 25 °C) and high humidity. It requires an annual rainfall above 100 cm. In areas with less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. It is also the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India.


Varieties Of Rice

1. Arborio

This species of rice is from northwest Italy and is a popular choice for creamy Italian risotto. It is short and plump rice variety has extra starch, which is crucial for the creamy texture of dishes like risotto. Remember, don’t rinse it before cooking, or you’ll lose the starch. Arborio rice isn’t just for risotto; it’s also good for dishes like sushi, pudding etc. You can find it in good grocery stores and Italian markets

2. Basmati

These long grains are non-sticky and add a delightful nutty aroma and flavor to dishes. They come from India and Pakistan. They’re popular in India and Asia and used in recipes like dal, curry, and pilafs.”

3. Black

It is also called ‘forbidden rice”. The reason for the dark color from something healthy called anthocyanins, found in blueberries and blackberries. It has a mild, nutty, and earthy taste. The grains can be long, medium, or short. Chinese cooks have been using it for ages because it’s good for health. One can make dishes like bowls, rice pudding, soups, salads, and Chinese black rice cake with it.”

4. Bomba

It is a short grain rice that is cultivated in the Valencia region of Spain. It’s special because it can soak up a lot of liquid, making your paella rich and tasty. One can also use it in Mediterranean dishes and risotto

5. Brown

It has its outer layers due to which it has tan and nutty flavor. It’s healthier with more fiber and vitamins. For a nutritious meal one can swap brown rice for white in recipes . It’s long grain and tastes mildly nutty, great for dishes like stuffing, bowls, and stir-fries.

6. Jasmine

It is often called Thai fragrant rice which comes from Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It’s got a nutty taste, almost like popcorn! It’s a bit like basmati rice but with shorter grains and a tad stickier. It is mostly Used for tasty Southeast Asian dishes.

7. Long Grained White

It is a staple in traditional American cooking and is widely used in Asian and Mexican dishes. Has a mild flavor and cooks up light and fluff. White rice is quicker to cook, but it’s less nutritious because it’s more processed. Carolina Gold rice, originating from Africa and now found only in the United States.

8. Parboiled

It is a rice that’s been precooked before it’s made into the rice we usually cook and eat. People in India have been using this method for a really long time, even way back in ancient times. This process makes the rice feel better when you cook it, reduces the time it takes to prepare, and keeps some of the good stuff like vitamins and minerals in the rice.

Benefits of Rice

Eating rice can be good for your health in several ways. It gives you quick energy, helps keep your digestion in check, keeps your blood sugar stable, and can slow down the aging process. It also has an important vitamin called B1 that your body needs. Plus, it can make your skin look better, speed up your metabolism, help with digestion, lower high blood pressure, support weight loss, strengthen your immune system, and protect you from illnesses like dysentery, cancer, and heart disease.


Rice is a common food worldwide and is used in different type of dishes. If you want to make a healthy choice, check the nutrition facts on the label and go for rice that’s been enriched with extra nutrients.

Read More: Healthy Foods You Should Eat Daily



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